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Hourly Interplanetary Magnetic Field and Solar Wind Plasma Database

Metadata from the NOAA Metadata Manager's Repository (NMMR)


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:National Geophysical Data Center (comp)
Publication_Date:2004
Title:
Hourly Interplanetary Magnetic Field and Solar Wind Plasma Database
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form:tabular digital data
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place:Boulder, CO
Publisher:National Geophysical Data Center
Online_Linkage:http://spidr.ngdc.noaa.gov
Description:
Abstract:
The interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) is a part of the Sun's magnetic field that is carried into interplanetary space by the solar wind. The interplanetary magnetic field lines are said to be "frozen in" to the solar wind plasma. Because of the Sun's rotation, the IMF, like the solar wind, travels outward in a spiral pattern that is often compared to the pattern of water sprayed from a rotating lawn sprinkler. The IMF originates in regions on the Sun where the magnetic field is "open"--that is, where field lines emerging from one region do not return to a conjugate region but extend virtually indefinitely into space. The direction (polarity, sense) of the field in the Sun's northern hemisphere is opposite that of the field in the southern hemisphere. (The polarities reverse with each solar cycle.) The IMF is a vector quantity with three directional components, two of which (Bx and By) are oriented parallel to the ecliptic. The third component--Bz--is perpendicular to the ecliptic and is created by waves and other disturbances in the solar wind. When the IMF and geomagnetic field lines are oriented opposite or "antiparallel" to each other, they can "merge" or "reconnect," resulting in the transfer of energy, mass, and momentum from the solar wind flow to magnetosphere The strongest coupling --with the most dramatic magnetospheric effects-- occurs when the Bz component is oriented southward. The IMF is a weak field, varying in strength near the Earth from 1 to 37 nT, with an average value of ~6 nT. The database contains Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) in Geocentric Solar Magnetospheric (GSM) coordinate system and Solar Wind Plasma (SWP) data from many spacecrafts (mostly IMP-8 since 1973) which have explored over the last three decades. Plasma data include ion density and flow bulk speed. The collected heliospheric IMF and SWP data sets have been provided by Principal Investigator J.H. King (Director, National Space Science Data Center, request@nssdca.gsfc.nasa.gov ). All parameters have been quality controlled, corrected and, as far as possible, written in a similar format. The interplanetary field and plasma data were all obtained by spacecraft in geocentric or selenocentric orbit when those spacecraft were outside the Earth's bow shock.
Purpose:
Provide information for research and surveyors
Supplemental_Information:
Formally FE 17, 119, 626. Entry_ID G01152
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:19730101
Ending_Date:Present
Currentness_Reference:
Publication Date
Status:
Progress:In Work
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency:Monthly
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate:-180.000000
East_Bounding_Coordinate:180.000000
North_Bounding_Coordinate:90.000000
South_Bounding_Coordinate:-90.000000
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:GCMD Earth Science Services Keywords
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Analysis And Visualization > Visualization/Image Processing
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Archiving
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Cataloging
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Data Compression
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Data Delivery
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Data Interoperability > Data Reformatting
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Data Interoperability
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Data Mining
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Data Search And Retrieval
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Media Transfer/Data Rescue
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Subsetting/Supersetting
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Data Handling > Transformation/Conversion
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Environmental Advisories > Space Weather Advisories
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Environmental Advisories > Space Weather Advisories > Solar Flares
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Environmental Advisories > Space Weather Advisories > Aurora Forecasts
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Environmental Advisories > Space Weather Advisories > Radio Blackouts
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Environmental Advisories > Space Weather Advisories > Geomagnetic Storm
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Metadata Handling > Data Discovery
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Metadata Handling > Metadata Transformation/Conversion
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > Metadata Handling > Service Discovery
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:GCMD Science Keywords
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE > Solid Earth > Geomagnetism > Geomagnetic Indices
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE > Sun-earth Interactions > Solar Activity > Sunspots
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE > Radiance Or Imagery > Radio Wave > Radio Wave Flux
Theme_Keyword:EARTH SCIENCE > Sun-earth Interactions > Solar Activity > Solar Radio Waves
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:GCMD Platform Keywords
Theme_Keyword:ACE > Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE)
Theme_Keyword:IMP-8 > Interplanetary Monitoring Platform-8
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:Uncontrolled Keywords
Theme_Keyword:Interplanetary magnetic field
Theme_Keyword:IMF
Theme_Keyword:Solar wind plasma
Theme_Keyword:SWP
Theme_Keyword:Bz
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:GCMD Location Keywords
Place_Keyword:Global
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus:GCMD Location Keywords
Place_Keyword:Magnetosphere (other)
Access_Constraints:No Constraints
Use_Constraints:
None
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person:Eric A. Kihn
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:Mailing and Physical Address
Address:
NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
City:Boulder
State_or_Province:CO
Postal_Code:80305-3328
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:(303) 497-6137
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:(303) 497-6513
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:Eric.A.Kihn@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service:7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
Contact Instructions:
Contact Data Center
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Data_Quality_Information:
Logical_Consistency_Report:
Completeness_Report:
Lineage:
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
Process_Date:
Back to Top
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person:Eric A. Kihn
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:Mailing and Physical Address
Address:
NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
City:Boulder
State_or_Province:CO
Postal_Code:80305-3328
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:(303) 497-6349
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:(303) 497-6513
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:Eric.A.Kihn@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service:7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
Contact Instructions:
Contact Data Center
Resource_Description:SOLAR-TERRESTRIAL PHYSICS
Distribution_Liability:
While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name:ASCII
File_Decompression_Technique:ZIP archive
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Network_Resource_Name:http://spidr.ngdc.noaa.gov
Network_Resource_Name:http://clust1.wdcb.ru/spidr
Fees:Free of charge
Custom_Order_Process:
Contact Data Center
Technical_Prerequisites:
Contact Data Center
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date:20040610
Metadata_Review_Date:20040610
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Contact_Person:Eric A. Kihn
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:Mailing and Physical Address
Address:
NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC E/GC1 325 Broadway
City:Boulder
State_or_Province:CO
Postal_Code:80305-3328
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:(303) 497-6349
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone:(303) 497-6513
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:EricA.Kihn@noaa.gov
Hours_of_Service:7:30 - 5:00 Mountain
Contact Instructions:
Contact Data Center
Metadata_Standard_Name:Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version:FGDC-STD-001-1998
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Metadata stylesheets are provided courtesy of ESRI. Copyright (c) 2000-2002, Environmental Systems Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved.

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